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Ripple Announces Associations of University Blockchain Research Initiatives with Kyoto and Tokyo Universities

The Blockchain company and the digital currency maker XRP, Ripple, said it was partnering with its University Blockchain Research Initiative (UBRI) in two Japanese institutions of higher education. With the participation of the University of Kyoto and the University of Tokyo, the initiative is now 33 strong.

The purpose of UBRI is to develop academic research in blockchain technology. Ripley hopes to deploy the developers and computer scientists of tomorrow with the knowledge necessary to support a vision of a future digital economy.

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Ripple blockchain education in Japan through UBRI
According to Ripley’s press release, the company’s Blockchain Research Initiative has expanded to Japan. The company’s last association, the University of Kyoto and the University of Tokyo, are the first institutions of higher education to join the nation in the group.

The publication details that the newest UBRI partners have already partnered with Ripple at all levels of learning. The Graduate School of Human Resources Management of the University of Kyoto has conducted seminars, as well as funds for research projects funded by the Blockchain Program on Global Affairs. This applies to various teaching disciplines, such as engineering, business and public policies.

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Guide to Everyday Las Vegas – Fun & Nightlife Views, Casinos, and More

Stroll along one of the most famous streets in the world during your next visit to Sin City. The Vegas strip is full of tons of excitement and excitement.
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No matter which of the popular resorts you stay in, you never get bored. Choose from one of many Las Vegas packages and travel for a lifetime.
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Start by booking flight tickets to McCarran International Airport, which is two miles from the southern part of the Strip and four miles from the hotels and casinos.
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Some vacation packages may already include air transportation. Decide whether or not it will be cheaper to book it separately from the hotel, car rental and other amenities.
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You don’t have to worry about food because there is always something free or cheap to eat in Vegas. Many of the resorts offer free drinks and buffets. Las Vegas coupon books are also easy to pick up. Whatever type of food suits your taste, you will be able to find good and affordable meals along the strip. Restaurants and sandwich shops of all varieties are within walking distance of most hotels.
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If you are interested in gambling, you may want to check out fun packages that can include all you can eat buffet, free tickets to shows, bath passes, VIP entry to nightclubs and more. This type of luggage is ideal for couples or adults traveling alone.
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Don’t think Vegas is about nightlife. Don’t give yourself the nickname “Sin City”. There are also family hotels and activities. You can take the family on a drive out of the city to see the stunning natural beauty of the desert and red rocks just outside the city limits.
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Children & # 39; Selection of All-Las Vegas Packages

Which of the many resorts offers kid-friendly activities? Bay Mandalay, Hotel Mirage, Excalibur, and MGM Grand to name a few. MGM Grand is especially fun for kids, as it has a five-swimming complex located on 6.6 acres! It has a winding riverfront with waterfalls, Rainforest Café, and cave grottos.
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You Don’t Have to Stay Right on the Strip There are all inclusive Las Vegas packages in a thousand cities too. Henderson Hotels is located just 13.14 miles away. Boulder City hotels are around 24.17 miles. You may also want to stay in the Indian Spring area.
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Regardless of where you want to stay, look carefully at all the packages. In addition to the price, consider the number of nights, whether or not air transportation or car rental is included, the resort, gratuities and violence, and so on.
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I have no doubt about it: Online discounts will help you save a lot of money during your next Vegas vacation. Use the website to search for all-inclusive Las Vegas packages and compare all offers. No matter when you want to go, there is usually a bar.
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Cryptographic currency – keep up to date

Cryptographic currency seems to be the hottest investment product. Any conversations that eavesdrop on your friends are all about bitcoin. All workplace chats are related to virtual currency. Today, the buzzwords of online chat rooms are also related to cryptocurrencies. Due to the increasing popularity of these virtual currencies, a silent economic revolution has taken place.

Needless to say, if you want to shine in the bitcoin world, you have to know something about the news. Now that you have narrowed the list down to several cryptocurrencies, you will have to analyze and determine which cryptocurrencies are likely to trade higher and faster than other cryptocurrencies. That’s why you need to keep track of the news. You will scan information about blockchain trends from a variety of sources. Today, some business channels use dedicated time for these trends.

Another potential source of information may be other people working on virtual currency transactions. Learn about some of those who are very good at trading and get valuable information. The Internet is a great way to connect with such experts. You can find them through the online forum. Keep in touch with them regularly. Similarly, you can subscribe to a website that specializes in cryptocurrency transactions. This way, you can be sure that you don’t miss any important news.

Good sources of information about cryptocurrencies can be obtained from different organizations. They provide a lot of information about the blockchain ecosystem. The organization’s website provides extremely detailed information about digital currencies.

Keep coins safe

Security is another important thing when you deal with cryptocurrencies. Since you will need to create and use multiple passwords for different accounts, we recommend that you use the password manager. Make sure you have strong anti-virus software on your computer. A good firewall is also essential to ensure the perfect security of your data and online transactions.

Another important thing you need to follow is never to disclose the amount of cryptocurrency transactions you make online. Both offline and online. You also must not make a mistake by clicking on the link of anyone in the encryption group. It may be easy for you to eventually download the virus on your computer. Most of the pages in these groups are known to contain viruses.
Although blockchains have been dubbed “truth machines,” the industry that surrounds them is anything but straightforward.

Shortly after the Kik messaging app announced this week would shut down its platform due to legal fees resulting from its launch of Kin cryptocurrency, a report emerged claiming that CEO Ted Livingston resigned from the company through drunken text. But the next day, Livingston rejected the report, explaining that he was on an international flight, and therefore not using the internet at the time of the alleged message.
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While anxiety relies on Kik’s cryptocurrency (and an SEC-related litigation), Livingston’s fraud was the perfect time. One teaser who touched Kik near its peak in the news cycle, used CEO resemblance in their communications, and issued statements mirroring those previously published by Kik on her middle blog.

Although the push wasn’t exactly sophisticated (they used the Ted E. Bear Telegraph glove) their misinformation resulted in an article on CoinDesk – after he left – and Livingston’s alleged resignation quickly spread on social media.

What should I do when conducting foreign exchange analysis?

In the basic foreign exchange analysis, basically, you are evaluating the business of the stock market or the foreign exchange of the country. If you find it difficult to value a company, you should try to value the entire country. This can be difficult, but some indicators can be studied to gain insight into how the country works. Some of the indicators you may need to study during foreign exchange analysis include: non-agricultural employment data, consumer price index [CPI], purchasing managers' index [PMI], durable goods and retail.

In the foreign exchange market, most traders use basic foreign exchange analysis to predict long-term trends. However, some traders will conduct short-term trading based on the responses of different press releases. You can post comments at many conferences that have as much impact on the market as any press release or metrics report. All of these meetings often discuss issues related to interest rates, inflation, and other factors that affect the value of money.

You should pay attention to two important meetings, the Humphrey Hawkins Hearing and the Federal Open Market Committee. For example, the Fed chairman’s comments on interest rates will cause market turmoil.

By reading the report and checking the comments, Forex Fundamentals analysts can better understand most long-term foreign exchange market trends. Keeping up with the development of the foreign exchange market, short-term traders can profit from extraordinary events. If you decide to follow a basic foreign exchange strategy, you want to keep your economic calendar at hand. Your Forex broker may also be able to provide you with real-time access to such information for your forex analysis.

Foreign exchange futures trading

The profit of foreign exchange relative to currency futures trading is considerable. The difference between the two tools comes from the reality of seeking truth [such as each history, its objective observers and their importance in the modern foreign exchange market] to more specific issues [such as transaction costs, margin necessity, access to Liquidity, the difficulty of trading]. The use of services and the technical and educational support available to the source of each service. These differences are as follows:

More trading volume = improved liquidity. Today, CME Group's daily currency futures trading volume has exceeded 2% of daily trading volume. from

Foreign exchange market from

 . Unparalleled liquidity is one of the many advantages of the foreign exchange market to seize more currency futures. The truth tells us that this is an old news. Any currency professional can tell you that cash has been king since the dawn of the modern money market in the early 1970s. The actual message is that individual traders in each foreign exchange risk profile now have full rights to use the opportunities offered by the foreign exchange market.

Compared with the currency futures market, the foreign exchange market is more strict in raising bids. By reversing the futures cost to evaluate it as cash, you can be happy to see that in the USD / CHF example, reverse the futures selling price of .5894-.5897 to get the currency price of 1.6958-1.6966, relative to foreign exchange. The market can add 5 points.

Compared with currency futures trading, the foreign exchange market has higher advantages and lower margin fees. When trading currency futures, the buyer charges a margin fee for “daytime” buying and selling, and another margin fee for “overnight”. These foreign exchange margin rates may vary depending on the size of the business. When trading in the cash market, you must accept the same margin rate day and night. Of course, the margin trading will increase your foreign exchange profits and losses on average.

The Forex market utilizes terms and cost quotes that are easy to understand and used worldwide. Currency futures quotes are a reversal of cash value. For example, if the USD/CHF cash price is 1.7100 / 1.7105, the futures price is .5894 / .5897; a method that is only followed within the futures trading range.

The currency futures expense increases the difficulty of the foreign exchange prepayment portion, which takes into account the time factor, the interest rate and the interest rate difference caused by different currencies. The foreign exchange market does not need to make such changes, perform mathematical operations or consider futures contract interest rate factors.

Forex trading via FOREX.com is free*. Currency futures have additional trading commissions, transaction fees and agency fees.

How to make the gap work for you

Have you considered the trading gap in the shape and chart form of the day? If you haven't already, you've missed some trading opportunities, and if applied correctly, they can make a huge profit. Although there are several strategies for trading day charts and charts, this article will focus on different types of gaps and how to profit from them.

Gap

As we discussed earlier, there are different types of gaps. There will be gaps after the market closes and reopens. A gap is displayed in your chart. When the market closes on the day before the possible upward trend, the low price at the opening is higher than the high price, and vice versa. The high price at the opening is lower than the low price at the opening. The market close therefore indicates a possible downward trend. These gaps may be caused by overnight economic news, world events or just changes in market sentiment. The greater the gap, the greater the likelihood that the trend will develop. Many traders use gaps as entry points, stop-loss levels or criteria to measure market strength.

Gap type

Common:

Because of the indifference of the market to specific currency pairs, there are no specific reasons for the common gap. These gaps are usually small and should be avoided compared to the gaps caused by major events.

Get rid of:

The market usually has strong levels of support and resistance. In fact, the currency is in a consolidation phase about 60% of the time, and the trader decides which direction the currency is going to develop. Seasonal trading is a good example of a possible gap. For example, you can develop trading channels throughout the December of the holiday and end the trading channel in January after the holiday, when there may be gaps indicating more market activity and new trends.

Tired:

This happens after a strong currency moves up or down. As the uptrend or downtrend ends and market sentiment changes, there may be a gap indicating that the trend has reversed. When a trader decides to make a profit and exits the position, there is usually a depletion gap that effectively depletes the trend and triggers a reversal.

Run away:

These are the opposite of exhaustion. The gap of out of control is essentially a confirmation of development trends. This cannot be confirmed until the subsequent price action confirms that a new trend has emerged and the price continues to move in that direction and the denomination is out of control.

By understanding the different market conditions that can lead to a gap, you can determine whether to trade and profit from it.

3 foreign exchange technology analysis principle

Forex [also known as Forex Trading or fx] technical analysis is a widely used method of currency trading worldwide, based on three basic principles. The first principle is that foreign exchange market behavior will be discounted. The actual market price reflects all information known to the market that may affect price movements. Pure technology analysts only focus on price movements, not on the reasons for any changes.

Second, the price trend. The price can move in three directions, ie the price can move up, down or laterally. Once any trend in these directions is in effect, it will usually continue and create trends. Technical analysis is also used to identify patterns of market behavior that have long been considered important. As long as you can identify and figure out what they are, these patterns will usually run in the same way as in the past. They have been shown to be consistent in predicting future trends. If you can correctly identify the chart mode and the next trend in price, you will be able to limit losses and maximize profits.

Third, history repeats itself. Technical analysts believe that investors collectively repeat the pattern of their investment behavior. They tend to respond the same way to different types of stimuli such as economic stimulus data or other news. Since the behavior of investors is repeated so frequently, it is possible to plot identifiable market patterns for analysis.

Therefore, traders who are purely technical analysts will not have to worry about market news. He will use the chart mode because the market has considered the news and taken the appropriate action. However, despite its widespread use, this trading method has some drawbacks.

How is the value of money determined?

Who decides the value of money?

The answer to the second part is simple. The value of the currency is determined by the purchaser of the currency. These are mainly travelers, governments and foreign exchange traders. FOREX stands for Forex. Currency traders, governments and companies have to consider many factors in determining the fair market value of money.

Fair market value is the price at which a voluntary buyer and a voluntary seller merge. Buyers must consider many factors and considerations in an attempt to accurately assess the value of the currency at any given time. There are now about 180 different currencies in the world. Let us consider some of the factors used to determine the value of money.

Factors affecting the value of money:

1. Political conditions of the state – this includes the stability of the government, the extent of corruption, bribery, and the extent of law and order. It also includes country relations with other countries, especially with the United States, the United Kingdom, China and Russia. The government's form of government is also used to assess the value of money. Consider the broad range of government forms in Saudi Arabia, China, the United Kingdom, Venezuela and Thailand, to name a few.

2. Economic conditions – including work, unemployment, professional ethics, infrastructure, inflation and economic development. Whether it is old or new; computers and high technology, or more agriculture and manufacturing.

3. Perception of the outside world – Another country's perceptions and attitudes toward a country are as important as the reality of the country's actual situation. News, media, movies, newspapers, rumors and autobiography may give rise to opinions. How much do you know about a country? Usually, the less you know, the lower the value of money.

4. Demographics – The young population may mean a bright future, a person who is more open to change and development, and a growing workforce. The total population of a country is a factor. How much weight does this country have on the world stage?

5. The openness, trustworthiness and aptitude of national leaders – well-known leaders is a factor. These include political leaders, sports figures, business owners and celebrities. This is a national figure that affects their country, good or bad. Kim Jong Il, David Beckham, Nicole Kidman, Madonna, Osama bin Laden, Barack Obama and Vladimir Putin. These help have shaped the world's perception of a country.

6. Isolation and Openness – Continuum China is becoming more open and more transparent. This will help. Cuba is very closed and isolated. Some recent actions by Venezuela have made them more isolated. The Chinese market is becoming more open. Cuba, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Japan have different degrees of openness to the outside world, which affects the value of their currencies.

7. Natural Resources – Developing the types and quantities of national natural resources certainly helps to build awareness of the value of the country's currency or lack of knowledge of the value of the country's currency. Consider mining minerals, forests, oil, fish and other resources. These resources must also be developed at a technical level.

8. Consider weather factors such as droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes and floods. How often do they occur and how the state reacts to them. These also affect the desirability, security and awareness of a country. Is it a tourist attraction?

9. War and Conflict – With which country is in the war, who is its ally? Their military strength and technology, the willingness to wage war and their purpose are to assess the strength of a country, stability and the important factors of its monetary value.

10. Education – This includes language, computer knowledge, internet connectivity, culture and religious beliefs. Scientists, entrepreneurs, writers and inventors are all influenced by the type and quality of education in a country.

In short, the value of money depends on many factors. Not only must we consider a single issue, but we also need to consider a comprehensive set of issues. In trading currencies, such as in FOREX, transactions are usually done in pairs. Values ​​must be related to certain things. Therefore, the performance of one country relative to another is also important. For example, common foreign exchange pairs are the dollar and the yen, the euro and the dollar. These and other factors determine the value of the currency. Some are tangible and some are intangible. Some are fixed and some are manageable. Sometimes this is the current news, sometimes a long-term situation. This is why the value of money changes frequently and there is no one or place to determine the value of money. And why currency exchange based on constantly fluctuating monetary values ​​can be an exciting, profitable, volatile, interesting or catastrophic form of business or investment.

Forex Robot Trader Review – Automated Forex Trading Software System

All forex traders want to generate profits quickly. Therefore, everyone is asking the same question. Which Forex Robot trader generates high profits?

It's amazing to see how the software robotics system can get traders out of trading. Robot traders have changed the way foreign exchange transactions are done. A common search term is "How to find a robot that can make the most profit."

Is FAP Turbo or Forex Autopilot? These two are always full of Forex news. The popular duo was found to be an assistant to many businessmen. They made a lot of money. But professional traders use multiple robots at once. They trade multiple robots in one transaction to get the most profit. When choosing FAP Turbo or Forex Autopilot to bring you the profit you need, you can even consider using both at the same time.

In fact, you can consider choosing any pair or three pairs of robots to work for you. Each robot trades differently. You should really plan to interview each robot as if you were planning to hire it to work in the office. Moreover, every new robot you hire should fit your overall concept to achieve a teamwork approach.

Think about your own trading and buy a robot that can trade as you wish. If you find the right combination of automate robot merchants, you may earn more than you expect. You don't need to use only the popular FAP Turbo or Forex Autopilot. There are many other little-known money-making robots on the market.

You should consider visiting a forex trading website that compares various available robots. Then form a team that you think will be best for you as a leader. This is the way the choice will be your first and then the next robot forex robot trader. This is the way to generate the highest profit.

Why use Forex robots?

When it comes to foreign exchange market foreign exchange, it is important to understand the day's transactions, and even long-distance transactions depend on a variety of different things. If you don't have time to keep up with these things, maybe Forex Robot is a trading method that gives you the greatest chance of success.

When you decide to start investing in the foreign exchange market, it is important to understand that there are many different factors that can cause a particular currency to go up and down. In other words, five o'clock news, noon news, a single country's economy, gross national product, and trade laws that a country may have, import and export agreements, and almost everything else you can do think of affecting the currency of a single country.

In order to conduct effective trading in the foreign exchange market, you need to understand how all of this can be combined to make pairs rise and fall. If you don't have time to keep up with this step, you probably shouldn't trade.

Now, just as you have previously invested in a particular company that trades on the market, you can invest in specific software to trade for you. They are often referred to as Forex Robots, Forex Trading Robots, Auto Forex Robots, Forex Dollar Reptiles and a variety of different names.

Basically, they are software that can crawl in the foreign exchange currency market and look for specific mathematical algorithms. When a special situation is encountered, the robot merchant trades.

Just like everything else, research will be your best friend when choosing an automated Forex robot. Read information about consistency, profitability, and fine prints. Make sure that the company you invest in is solid and has sufficient capital to meet the national laws of local order.

Click here for free information about the Forex market and Forex Robots.

Easy way to buy and invest in Bitcoin

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a decentralized peer-to-peer digital currency system designed to enable online users to process transactions through a digital exchange unit called bitcoin. In other words, it is a virtual currency.

The Bitcoin system was created in 2009 by an undisclosed programmer. Since then, Bitcoin has gained widespread attention and controversy as a substitute for commodity currencies such as the US dollar, the euro and gold, and silver.

Popularity

Prior to 2009, Bitcoin did not attract much attention in the commercial and financial sectors. During the period 2011-2012, Bitcoin gained more than 300% attention and therefore stood out. Since August last year, the value of Bitcoin has increased by 400%. As a result, venture capital firms and investors around the world continue to value this cryptocurrency.

In the first half of 2014, venture capital firms invested $57 million in bitcoin in the first quarter, and then invested $73 million in the second quarter, totaling $130 million, a 50% increase over the $88 million in the same period last year. . This is in stark contrast to the situation in 2012, when Bitcoin accumulated a relatively negligible $2.2 million.

These statistics undoubtedly prove that Bitcoin is worth your investment, which raises the question of how do you buy and invest in Bitcoin?

Bitcoin Newcomer Investor Guide

The easiest and easiest way to invest in Bitcoin is to buy bitcoin. There are many mature companies, mainly in the United States and abroad, engaged in the business of buying and selling Bitcoin [abbreviated as BTC].

Currency library

If you live in the United States, Coinbase is the place to be. Coinbase's price estimate for its customers is 1% higher than the current market price. US residents can choose to synchronize their Coinbase wallet with their bank account. As a result, future payment transfers become carefree. The company also offers you the option to automatically purchase Bitcoin from time to time. For example, if you are interested in buying $50 in bitcoin at the beginning of each month, Coinbase allows you to set up an automatic purchase for that amount.

Please be aware of the terms and conditions before you start using this service. If you have subscribed to the automated Bitcoin service, you will not be able to control the price of BTC purchased each month. Please note that Coinbase cannot be used as a bitcoin exchange, ie you buy and sell coins directly from the company. Because companies must buy coins from other buyers, you may face delays or interruptions when placing orders in fast market changes.

Bit stamp

BitStamp is suitable for regular bitcoin exchange requirements. Bitcoin is an intermediary that allows you to trade with other users than with the company itself. The mobility here is high and you always have a good chance to find someone who is willing to deal with you. The initial fee is 0.5%, and if you trade $150,000 within 30 days, you can reduce it to 0.2%.

Alternative to buying bitcoin

Local bitcoin

Exchange is not the only way to invest in Bitcoin. Local Bitcoin is typically used to purchase BTC offline. The site is designed to link potential buyers and sellers. Bitcoin is a locker provided by the seller in the case of a third party custody and can only be issued to the buyer.

Buying bitcoins offline is not always reliable or secure. Therefore, it is best to meet with the seller during the day and ask friends to mark with you in case something develops to the south.

Bitcoin is not just a modern trend. In the long run, venture capital firms believe that Bitcoin can be a good substitute for traditional currencies. There are many ways to get into the Bitcoin investment area. As mentioned earlier, Coinbase, BitStamp and local Bitcoin are the most popular channels for investing in Bitcoin in the United States. Do your homework and find out which way to tick all your boxes.

The status quo of world cyber war

drama. Drama is the touchstone of the report. In order to capture the virtual realistic impression, we must carefully observe this special stone. We even have to look at it to find out what Cyber ​​War is or how to define it.

When talking about cyber warfare, exaggeration and metaphor are rules, not exceptions. Network World – Network World – You may have noticed that the virtual world is occupied by nouns and verbs in the material world. The images of the online world in news often have dramatic physical images rather than the electrons that make up the online world. Coin images exist in stories of pure virtual cryptocurrencies, such as BitCoin. Perhaps the physics journals that readers are really interested in in mathematics in electronics and networking are exceptions to this rule.

However, when we read the story of cyber warfare, we will see pictures of soldiers, guns and supplies accompanying the story. When we read that people sitting at their desks and computers came up with hacking instead of being hacked, we called them "cyber warriors" and wore photos of men wearing bulletproof jackets and helmets. I don't know what Cyber ​​Item will have photos of tanks and bombers.

In addition to vivid illustrations and photos, what is cyber warfare? In 2010, former President Cyber ​​Security Special Advisor Richard Clarke defined cyber warfare as "the act of a nation-state invading a computer or network in another country for the purpose of destruction or destruction." The salient point is that a nation state must be identified as a perpetrator. If this is true, then we have obviously participated in the cyber wars that have been going on for years, coming and going in China, Russia, the United States, Israel, Georgia, Ukraine, North Korea, Syria, Iran, Estonia and other countries. Although countries have always denied this, there are clear indicators that are tantamount to demonstrating that these countries have placed their digital attackers on each other's networks, computers and data. The above network, computer and data were subsequently damaged.

Therefore, it is certain that there is a cyber attack between countries. But is this a cyber war? Dr. Thomas Rid, Professor of Security Studies at King's College, said there was no cyber war. He tends to define cyber warfare based on physical infrastructure disasters—in this case, water “stops flowing, lights go out, trains derail, banks lose our financial records, roads get chaotic, elevators fail, and planes fall from the sky”. He said that this will not happen. In fact, he has a 2013 book called "Network Wars Will Not Occur".

Others are not so optimistic about this topic and possibilities. In the United States, cyber command budgets are soaring in the face of declining government spending in most regions. Its year-on-year growth rate has almost doubled: $118 million in 2012, $212 million in 2013, and $447 million in 2014. This requires buying a lot of electronics, lots of code and lots of network warriors [no jackets]. . These increases have led to similar results, albeit differently than the dramatic expansion of network budgets in other countries.

After mastering all the web tools and creating them, would anyone want to use them? Cyber ​​war is inevitable, or is there a way out? Ethics experts are taking this issue seriously. Big thinkers such as Patrick Lin, Fritz Alhoff, and Neil C. Rowe have co-authored several articles, such as "Is it possible for a cyber war to wage war?" And "War 2.0: Cyber ​​Weapons and Ethics" to explore alternatives. There is [regular] warfare law and there must be similar cyber conflict guidelines. It was too early yesterday to start studying these issues seriously.

When we try to answer the phrase as the title of this article, it must be spread throughout the map, because like this article, cyberwar is defined throughout the map. In fact, it does spread all over the world. The definition of cyber warfare varies by country and organization. The title [Full metaphor is flying], "Wild West of Cyber ​​War" attempts to solemnly express different views on this subject, despite the title. Its discussion is useful, but its conclusion must be uncertain.

The 302-page Tallinn Handbook is the result of a three-year study by experts on this topic, which attempts to set such definitions. It can be read free of charge. However, not all potential parties to a network conflict follow the conclusions drawn here.

So, what is the best answer to the cyber war situation in the world? Cyber ​​attacks are prevalent throughout the world. They are performed by multiple state participants and stateless participants. These acts are carried out by State actors who shirk their responsibilities to other countries and stateless actors who claim no control or commitment to these acts but are politically consistent. They are carried out by hacking people who seek political change by disabling or destroying sites, networks and information. They are carried on by people with pure profit motives. They are made by newcomers who just find happiness in a slight mess.

All such attacks are increasing, although most attacks are still relatively simple, such as Distributed Denial of Service [DDoS]. However, there is little evidence that the way the physical infrastructure is affected is greatly affected. There is little evidence that people are personally injured by such attacks. It is not clear whether such events will actually happen.

Dr. Reed said they would not. Dr. Lin, Alhoff and Rowe point out the path to avoid such injuries. Richard Clarke and former Defense Secretary Leon Panetta say this is inevitable and we must be prepared – spending hundreds of millions of dollars.

Albert Einstein has a famous saying: "You can't prevent and prepare for war at the same time." Let us hope that in the case of cyber war, he is wrong.